115 antioch earthquake

Map of Antioch in Roman and early Byzantine times. Image © Carole Raddato. Some content is licensed under a Creative Commons license, and other content is completely copyright-protected. The 115 Antioch earthquake occurred on 13 December 115 AD. 526 AD. The Antioch Earthquake of 115 In 115, Antioch – Modern Antakya in Turkey – was a flourishing city and the Roman Empire’s third biggest metropolis after Rome and Alexandria. Two massive earthquakes in Antioch (today Antakya) in CE 115 and 526 reportedly claimed more than 500,000 lives. The origin of the reported death toll of 260,000 is uncertain, as it only appears in catalogues of about the last hundred years. Ignatius was finally sent to Rome, to receive there a welcome martyrdom in 116; Christians in Antioch did not cease to increase, and earthquakes … EARTHQUAKE AT ANTIOCH. The area has been affected by many large earthquakes during the last 2,000 years. [10] Almost all of the mosaics that have been found in Antioch date from after the earthquake. A great number of people died in the Roman city of Antioch, today Antakya in Hatay province in Turkey, and surrounding areas. It was felt all over the near East and the Eastern Mediterranean up to Rhodos and triggered a tsunami that hit the harbour city of Caesarea Maritima in Judea. [7], The origin of the reported death toll of 260,000 is uncertain, as it only appears in catalogues of about the last hundred years. Roman statesman and historian of Greek origin, Cassius Dio was there at that time. 115 Antioch Earthquake. [2], The site of Antioch lies close to the complex triple junction between the northern end of the Dead Sea Transform, the mainly transform boundary between the African Plate and the Arabian Plate, the southwestern end of the East Anatolian Fault, the mainly transform boundary between the Anatolian Plate and the Arabian Plate, and the northeastern end of the Cyprus Arc, the boundary between the Anatolian and African Plates. It had an estimated magnitude of 7.5 on the surface wave magnitude scale and an estimated maximum intensity of XI (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. Antioch will be the start of my Hadrian1900 project. Image © Wikipedia author Cristian94. Casualties: 10 dead, 12 injuredOn April 11, 2012, at 15:38 local time, a huge undersea earthquake occurred at the west of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. Initially, authorities feared that the earthquake would cause a tsunami and warnings were issued across the Indian Ocean; however, these warnings were subsequently canceled.It was the largest strike-slip earthquake ever reco… Antioch eventually rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East and played a particularly strong role in the late Empire. This page was last modified on 16 May 2016, at 03:42. It had an estimated magnitude of 7.5 on the surface wave magnitude scale and an estimated maximum intensity of XI (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. It shows the goddess, crowned with towers, seated on a rock, symbolic of Mount Silpius, with her feet resting on the river Orontes, depicted as a swimming youth. Trajan had returned from a campaign in Armenia when disaster struck in the morning of December 13th of 115 CE. Destroyed Antioch and said to have killed 260,000. The most renowned sculpture of Tyche was a bronze statue by the Greek sculptor Eutychides, a pupil of Lysippos, created for the city of Antioch in the early 3rd century BCE, the best extant version of which is in the Vatican Museum (see below). Exactly 1900 years ago¹, Hadrian survived a violent and devastating earthquake while wintering in Antioch during Trajan’s campaign in the east. The 115 Antioch earthquake occurred on 13 December 115 AD. On December 13, 115 CE an unusually strong earthquake took place in Antioch, which caused enormous damage to the Roman province. [5] He describes Antioch at that time as crowded with soldiers and many civilians that had travelled from all parts of the empire, because Trajan was wintering there. Affects or is felt in Caesarea, Tiberias, Jerusalem. Antioch earthquake ( 13 December 115 AD) – Rome The 115 Antioch earthquake occurred on 13 December 115 AD. In the year 115, Antioch suffered one of its most violent earthquakes that almost took the life of Trajan and Hadrian who were wintering in the city during the conquest of Mesopotamia (read more here). The two deadliest quakes in the country occurred in 115 AD and 526 AD. It was founded in 300 BC by Seleucus I, one of Alexander the Great’s generals, and became the Seleucids’ capital city. Approximately 260,000 people died in the earthquake. It owed its success to its location at the end of a road linking the Mediterranean with Mesopotamia and Persia, making Antioch a trade hub between […] In total 260,000 are said to have died during or in the aftermath of this event. To měl odhadnutou velikosti 7,5 na velikost přízemní vlny měřítku a odhadované maximální intenzitu XI ( Extreme) na stupnici intenzity Mercalli. Antioch and surrounding areas were devastated with a great loss of life and property. 115 Antioch earthquake. 363 – the Galilee earthquake. Death toll: around 260,000. Saturday, February 5, 2011 The Earthquake of AD 115 In 115 Roman Emperor Trajan was at war with Parthia. Antioch and surrounding areas were devastated with a great loss of life and property. He then painted a dramatic picture of the destruction witnessed by the population. Also, the 1202 earthquake in the Levant which was supposed to have killed more than a million is not there either, since latest estimates are about 30,000 for this event. The Antioch Earthquake of 115 In 115, Antioch – Modern Antakya in Turkey – was a flourishing city and the Roman Empire’s third biggest metropolis after Rome and Alexandria. 115 – 115 Antioch earthquake; Yavne and Caesarea are hit by a tsunami; 130 – strong earthquakes affect among other places Caesarea, Lydda and Emmaus. Destroyed Antioch and said to have killed 260,000. In addition to the completion of the repairs done on the aqueduct, Malalas records the building of a theatron (a theatre-like water reservoir that may have resembled the Hadrianic reservoir at Zaghouan, as suggested by Richard H. Chowen) and a Temple of the Nymphs at the springs of Antioch’s suburb Daphne which contained a great statue of Hadrian. Mosaic of the Judgment of Paris, 115 – 150 CE. 被害. Antioch and the surrounding areas are devastated with significant human and material losses. Different sources give varying dates: 129, 131; 306 – tsunami on the Levantine coast. The population of Antioch was reduced to less than 400,000 inhabitants and many sections of the city were abandoned. After Rome conquered Syria in 64 BCE, the city became a Roman stronghold. Ez a jelzés csupán a megfogalmazás eredetét jelzi, nem szolgál a cikkben szereplő információk forrásmegjelöléseként. It struck during late May, probably between 20–29 May, at mid-morning, killing approximately 250,000 people. Fordítás. See "Terms of Service" link for more information. Antioch and the surrounding area were completely destroyed. The 115 Antioch earthquake occurred on 13 December 115 AD. [Index to Global Quake Risk special section][1] Turkey has been the site of devastating earthquakes. In 115 AD, during Trajan's travel there during his war against Parthia, the whole site was convulsed by a huge earthquake. Candidate #1: 13 Dec 115 Syria. It was founded in 300 BCE by Seleucus I, one of Alexander the Great’s generals, and became the Seleucids’ capital city. The Roman Emperor Trajan was caught in the earthquake, as was his successor Hadrian. The 526 Antioch earthquake hit Syria (region) and Antioch in the Byzantine Empire in 526. On December 13th, 115, the city of Antioch in the Roman province of Syria, modern Antakya in Turkey, was rocked by an extremely intense earthquake that caused widespread devastation and high loss of life in the region, destroying not only Antioch, but also the nearby city of Apamea, and inflicting significant damage upon Beirut as well. Unfortunately, not much is left to see of ancient Antioch. [11], From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. To top it all off, the quake caused a local tsunami that significantly damaged the port of Caesarea Maritima in Judea (present-day Israel). The origin of the reported death toll of 260,000 is uncertain, as it only appears in catalogues of about the last hundred years. The ancient city stood on … It was founded in 300 BCE by Seleucus I, one of Alexander the Great’s generals, and became the Seleucids’ capital city. [8], The restoration of Antioch was started by Trajan but seems to have been completed by Hadrian. Antioch and the surrounding area were completely destroyed. It had an estimated magnitude of 7.5 on the surface wave magnitude scale and an estimated maximum intensity of XI (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. Large numbers of people were killed by falling debris, while many others were trapped. NASHVILLE, Tennessee (WSMV) — A fire at an extended-stay hotel on Antioch Pike late Tuesday night has displaced 115 people. The most vivid description of the catastrophe came from the Roman historian Cassius Dio. In 115 Roman Emperor Trajan was at war with Parthia. Its estimated magnitude is 7.5 on the Richter scale. [6] The harbour at Caeserea Maritima was probably destroyed by the tsunami, an interpretation based on the dating of a half metre thick tsunami deposit found outside the harbour. The earthquake was followed by a fire that destroyed most of the buildings left standing by the earthquake. While the emperor was tarrying in Antioch a terrible earthquake occurred; many cities suffered injury, but Antioch was the most unfortunate of all. Here then is a prime example of hubris getting the better of knowledge. Whole trees were thrown into the air, as were many of the inhabitants, causing great injury. Individual pages signify the copyright for the content on that page. Marble, Roman copy after a Greek bronze original by Eutychides of the 3rd century BCE. It had an estimated magnitude of 7.5 on the surface wave magnitude scale and an estimated maximum intensity of XI (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. Turkey is located in a seismically active zone and often suffers from powerful earthquakes. Unfortunately nothing is reported on how Plotina, Trajan’s wife, or Hadrian managed but they obviously survived unscathed. However I will make sure to visit the archaeological museum, which has one of the best collections of ancient mosaics in the world (see loads of beautiful images here). Both disasters devastated the city of Antioch, leaving some 260,000 and 250,000 people dead, respectively. Caravans from Asia Minor, Persia, India traveled through the city where exchanges on a large scale were conducted. See the bottom of each page for copyright information. The 115 Antioch earthquake occurred on 13 December 115 AD. Byzantine Empire 250,000-300,000. The whole earth was upheaved, and buildings leaped into the air; some were carried aloft only to collapse and be broken in pieces, while others were tossed this way and that as if by the surge of the sea, and overturned, and the wreckage spread out over a great extent even of the open country. Byzantine Empire 260,000 Image by Jastrow (2006) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons. The 115 Antioch earthquake occurred on 13 December 115 AD. According to the 6th century CE chronicler John Malalas, a native from Antioch, Trajan commemorated the rebuilding of the city by erecting a gilded copy of the Tyche of Eutychides in the theatre. In 115 AD, during Trajan's travel there during his war against Parthia, the whole site was convulsed by a huge earthquake. 115年のアンティオキア地震(115 Antioch earthquake)は、ローマ帝国時代の西暦115年12月13日の早朝に、アンティオキア付近で発生したマグニチュード(M)7.5の大地震 。. After just four centuries from the previous large quake we are back to Antioch and another massive earthquake which devastated the region. to 1900 A.D.", "The tsunami of 13 December A.D. 115 and the destruction of Herod the Great's harbor at Caeserea Maritima, Israel", https://infogalactic.com/w/index.php?title=115_Antioch_earthquake&oldid=720489044, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. And as Heaven continued the earthquake for several days and nights, the people were in dire straits and helpless, some of them crushed and perishing under the weight of the buildings pressing upon them, and others dying of hunger. An earthquake -and a big one- struck Antioch in Roman Syria on December 13, 115 AD. Two hours later, an 8.2-magnitude aftershock started. The city was thriving and was known as the “Queen of the East.” At the time of the earthquake of 115 CE Antioch had a population of about 500,000. She was a goddess who presided over the prosperity of the city, bringing hope and good fortune to its citizens. Zemětřesení 115 Antioch došlo dne 13. prosince 115 našeho letopočtu. The 115 CE Antioch earthquake. Its estimated magnitude is 7.5 on the Richter scale. This panel was placed in the floor of a dining room which was redone shortly after the earthquake of 115 CE. About 1,900 years ago, in 115 AD, a major earthquake in Antioch killed around 200,000 people. [5], The city of Apamea was also destroyed by the earthquake and Beirut suffered significant damage. One year and eight months after the earthquake, on August 11 of 117 CE, Hadrian was proclaimed emperor by the army in Antioch. The previous quake in 115 AD killed approximately 260,000 people, this event killed at least a further 250,000 people. Trajan survived and escaped with only minor injuries but was forced to take shelter in the circus as the aftershocks continued for several days (see an aerial photo of circus of Antioch here). Antioch has had: (M1.5 or greater) 1 earthquake in the past 24 hours 13 earthquakes in the past 7 days; 38 earthquakes in the past 30 days; 324 earthquakes in the past 365 days They escaped with only slight injuries and later began a program to rebuild the city. Trajan managed to get clear of the house he was staying in by leaving through a window and only suffered minor injuries. But there are some others that need to be considered. Since 1900, ∼90,000 people have lost their lives in 76 earthquakes, with a total affected population of ∼7 million and direct losses of ∼25 billion U.S. dollars (USD). It had an estimated magnitude of 7.5 on the surface wave magnitude scale and an estimated maximum intensity of XI (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. 115 Antioch Earthquake. The city served as headquarters for the Parthian wars. There is a case of a major city being hit by a powerful, destructive quake, but as fortune had it, a god was visiting at the time and escaped shocked, but with only minor injuries. Hadrian had been in Syria since January 114 CE as imperial legate (envoy to the emperor), and as such, had taken up residence in Antiochia ad Orontem (Antioch on the Orontes). Nashville Fire crews battled the … The 115 AD Antioch earthquake Antioch on the Orontes was one of the most important cities of the Graeco-roman period. [4] The tsunami triggered by the earthquake affected the Lebanese coast, particularly at Caeserea and Yavneh. Candidate #1: 13 Dec 115 Syria. Antioch and surrounding areas were devastated with a great loss of life and property. Trajan made his way out through a window of the room in which he was staying. On December 13, 115 CE an unusually strong earthquake took place in Antioch, which caused enormous damage to the Roman province. Much of Apamea was destroyed in the 115 AD earthquake, but was subsequently rebuilt. In response to an earthquake in AD 115 (known as the 115 Antioch earthquake), the Romans rebuilt Apamea with a typical Roman street grid system, and large public works such as … [9] Trajan had a copy of the statue of Tyche by Eutychides erected at the new theatre, to commemorate the rebuilding of the city. The city lies on the Antakya Basin, part of the Amik Basin, filled by Pliocene-to-recent alluvial sediments. 11 Biggest Earthquakes around the World 1138 Aleppo earthquake 115 Antioch earthquake 1303 Hongdong earthquake 1556 Shaanxi earthquake 1780 Tabriz earthquake 1920 Haiyuan earthquake … In the year 115 a severe earthquake hit Antioch, and the pagans publicized as the cause the spread of the Christian religion, which had angered the gods. Antioch Earthquake. Antioch itself lay on the Anatolian plate and had a history of recurring earthquakes which damaged the buildings and fabric of the metropolis, including one in AD 115 while the Emperor Trajan himself was staying in the city before his ill- fated Parthian campaign. To top it all off, the quake caused a local tsunami that significantly damaged the port of Caesarea Maritima in Judea (present-day Israel). 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